US Dollar Forecast: PCE, Powell to Set Market Tone, Setups on EUR/USD, USD/JPY


  • The broader U.S. dollar was flat on Monday, but volatility could pick up in the coming trading sessions, with several high-impact events on the calendar
  • The focus will be on U.S. PCE data, ISM manufacturing results and Powell’s public appearance later in the week
  • This article explores the technical outlook for EUR/USD and USD/JPY, analyzing price action dynamics and the key levels to monitor in the days ahead

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The U.S. dollar, as measured by the DXY index, was largely flat on Monday, oscillating between small gains and losses around the 103.45 mark. Despite this stability, we are likely to see increased volatility later in the week, with high-impact events on the calendar, including the release of PCE data, ISM PMI, and a public speech by Fed Chair Powell.

The consensus view among traders is that the FOMC has concluded its tightening campaign after the last quarter-point hike in July, so the focus has shifted to the easing cycle that is likely to get underway in 2024. To bolster confidence in potential rate cuts, incoming data needs to cooperate by demonstrating a decline in price pressures and a slowdown in economic activity.

We will be able to better assess the economic outlook on Thursday when BEA releases its latest report on personal income and outlays. In terms of expectations, October’s personal spending is forecast to have risen 0.2% m/m, a significant slowdown from September’s 0.7% jump. Meanwhile, core PCE, the Fed’s favorite inflation gauge, is seen climbing 0.2% m/m, bringing the annual rate to 3.5% from 3.7% previously.

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Source: DailyFX Economic Calendar

A day later, the Institute for Supply Management will unveil November manufacturing activity figures. Consensus estimates call for a slight increase in factory output to 47.6 from 46.7 in the prior period. Despite this uptick, the goods-producing sector is expected to remain stuck in a recessionary environment, characteristic of any reading below the 50.0 threshold.

In the grand scheme of things, any data indicating softer inflationary forces and a slowdown in growth might exert downward pressure on the U.S. dollar, potentially prompting a dovish repricing of interest rate estimations. Conversely, higher-than-anticipated core PCE and economic activity could be supportive of the greenback by bolstering Treasury yields and pushing back expectations of rate cuts.

Last but not least, Friday features a noteworthy event with Fed Chair Powell’s fireside chat at Spelman College in Atlanta, Georgia. It’s crucial for traders to focus on his statements regarding the central bank’s forthcoming decisions, recognizing that any hint of hawkishness could fuel a rally in the U.S. currency.

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EUR/USD has rallied nearly 3.5% this month, coming within striking distance from breaching resistance at 1.0956, which corresponds to the 61.8% Fibonacci retracement of the July/October slump. While bulls may have a hard time pushing prices above this barrier decisively, given the euro’s overbought state, a breakout could pave the way for a rally towards 1.1080, followed by 1.1275, the 2023 peak.

In the event of a downward reversal from current levels, EUR/USD could head towards a key floor at 1.0840. The pair is likely to bottom out in this area on a pullback, but a breakdown could open the door to a retest of the 200-day simple moving average hovering slightly above confluence support around 1.0760. On further weakness, the exchange rate may gravitate towards its 50-day SMA near 1.0665.


EUR/USD Chart Created Using TradingView

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USD/JPY charged higher late last week after a pronounced sell-off on Monday, but stalled at resistance near the 50-day simple moving average and has started to retrench, with the pair trading below the 149.00 level at the time of writing. If losses intensify in the coming sessions, initial support is seen near 147.25. Below this zone, the focus shifts to the 100-day SMA, followed by the 146.00 handle.

On the other hand, if USD/JPY resumes its advance, overhead resistance is positioned at 149.70. Upside clearance of this technical ceiling could rekindle bullish momentum, setting the right conditions for a rally towards 150.90. On further strength, buyers could be emboldened to launch an attack on this year’s highs around the psychological 152.00 level.


USD/JPY Chart Created Using TradingView

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